2014 Distinguished Lectures
November 13 William Kinman, Los Alamos National Laboratory
November 4 Albert Migliori, Director, Seaborg Institute for Actinide Science
October 1 Nancy Haegel (ND '81), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
September 10 Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Carnegie Mellon University
April 1 Reilly Center Forum: Life Amongst the 'Tar Sands' Oil Pipelines
Thursday, November 13
4:00 - 5:00pm, DeBartolo Hall, Room 310
"Enhanced Environmental Nuclear Safeguards through Advanced Mass Spectrometry"
William Kinman, (ND '06), Clean Chemistry Team, Nuclear and Radiochemistry Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos National Laboratory serves as a network analytical laboratory (NWAL) for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Environmental sampling and analysis activities initiated by the IAEA help the agency detect undeclared nuclear activities, where signatory States are obliged under the provisions of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to declare stocks of special nuclear materials such as plutonium and uranium. Limitations on how easily an undeclared activity can be detected through environmental sampling are intimately related to the measurement techniques utilized for this task. Mass spectrometry is a cornerstone technique for environmental-level actinide isotopic measurements for safeguards and nuclear forensics. The Nuclear and Radiochemistry Group at LANL is actively engaged in research and development activities aimed at strengthening environmental-level actinide isotope ratio measurements. Improved accuracy and precision in environmental-level actinide isotope ratio measurements will benefit the IAEA while also strengthening national technical nuclear forensics capabilities for the United States Government. Recent investments in instrumentation (multicollector ICP-MS, TIMS, and large geometry SIMS) and personnel have helped LANL keep pace with a growing need for quality environmental-level actinide measurement capabilities.
Tuesday, November 4
3:30 - 4:30pm, DeBartolo Hall, Room 126
"Mysteries of Plutonium Metal and the Fundamental Science That Connects Them"
Albert Migliori, Director, Seaborg Institute for Actinide Science
The physical properties of plutonium metal and its gallium alloys are reviewed with an eye toward highlighting the outstanding and important fundamental science questions that remain today unanswered. Along the way, assumptions about plutonium that have been extent for decades but are unsupported by measurements are discussed, and research directions outlined. Some of these assumptions include issues with phase diagrams, what actually happens as Pu ages, and recent measurements that constrain theory.
Albert Migliori received his B.S. in physics in 1968 from Carnegie Mellon University, his M.S. and Ph.D. in physics from the University of Illinois in 1970 and 1973. He is co-discoverer of acoustic heat engines, Chair of the Science Advisory Council for the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (UF, FSU, LANL), director of the Seaborg Institute for Actinide Science and the Energy Security Council at Los Alamos National Laboratory, and is a leading expert in the use of resonant ultrasound spectroscopy as a solid-state physics tool for which he has won RD100 awards in 1991 and 1994, a Federal Laboratory Consortium Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer in 1993, and a Los Alamos National Laboratory Distinguished Performance Award in 1994. He is a fellow of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the American Physical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Acoustical Society of America. He is Chair, Physical Acoustics Technical Committee, Acoustical Society of America, and Chair, General Instrumentation and Measurement Topical Group, American Physical Society. He holds 25 patents, is the author of about 200 publications, six book chapters, and one book.
Wednesday, October 1, 2014
4:00 - 5:00pm, Main Building, Room 200
"The Materials Science Center at NREL: Multiscale Materials Design for the Nation's Clean Energy Future"
Nancy Haegel, Center Director, Materials Science Center
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is the U.S. Department of Energy’s primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficient research and development. The Materials Science Center, within the Materials and Chemical Science and Technology Directorate, provides fundamental and applied materials science discovery and problem-solving in support of the nation’s energy and environmental goals. Dr. Haegel will highlight recent activity in the Center’s areas of focus, including materials physics, electronic structure theory, microscopy and imaging, interfacial and surface science, materials discovery and thin film materials science and processing for photovoltaics and other energy applications. NREL works with a wide range of organizations, including universities, industry and other national laboratories, and Dr. Haegel will review mechanisms for collaboration and identify emerging partnership areas.
Nancy M. Haegel is Center Director for the Materials Science Center in the Materials and Chemical Sciences Directorate at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). She leads an organization of ~ 90 staff, asso- ciates and post-doctoral and graduate students providing fundamental and applied materials science discovery and problem-solving for current and next-generation renewable energy and energy-efficient technologies.
Dr. Haegel joined NREL in 2014, after ten years at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey California, where she was a Distinguished Professor in the Physics Department. Her research interests are in electronic materials and devices, with emphasis on characterization of carrier transport, high resistivity semiconductors and infrared imaging and detection. Dr. Haegel is the author or co-author of ~ 120 publications and has received research support from NSF, NASA Office of Space Science, Research Corporation, DARPA, the Packard Foundation, the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory, SOCOM and the Office of Naval Research.
Dr. Haegel received her BS degree in Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science from the University of Notre Dame and a PhD in Materials Science from the University of California, Berkeley. She was a post-doctoral scientist at Siemens Research Laboratories in Erlangen, Germany before joining the faculty in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at UCLA in 1987. Prior to her appointment at NPS, Dr. Haegel was on the faculty at Fairfield University and was awarded the 2004 APS (American Physical Society) Prize to a Faculty Member for Research in an Undergraduate Institution for her work there.
Dr. Haegel was the recipient of the TRW Excellence in Teaching Award at UCLA, the Alpha Sigma Nu Teacher of the Year Award at Fairfield University, the Admiral John Jay Schieffelin Award for Teaching Excellence at NPS, and was a 2012 Fulbright Senior Scholar at Hebrew University. She is currently a member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Notre Dame.
Sponsored by the Center for Sustainable Energy - ND Energy.
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Wednesday, September 10, 2014
4:00 - 5:00pm, 123 Nieuwland Science Hall
"Nanostructured Functional Materials by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization"
Krzysztof (Kris) Matyjaszewski
J.C. Warner Professor of Natural Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University
Many advanced nanostructured functional materials were recently designed and prepared by controlled/living radical polymerization (CRP). More than 100 million tons of polymers are produced annually world-wide by conventional radical polymerization. However, macromolecular engineering is impossible in this process. Copper-based ATRP (atom transfer radical polymerization) catalytic systems with polydentate nitrogen ligands are among most efficient controlled/living radical polymerization systems. Recently, by applying new initiating/catalytic systems, Cu level in ATRP was reduced to a few ppm. ATRP of acrylates, methacrylates, styrenes, acrylamides, acrylonitrile and other vinyl monomers was employed for macromolecular engineering of polymers with precisely controlled molecular weights, low dispersities, designed shape, composition and functionality. Examples of block, graft, star, hyperbranched, gradient and periodic copolymers, molecular brushes and various hybrid materials and bioconjugates prepared with high precision will be presented. These polymers can be used as components of various advanced materials such as health and beauty products, bio-medical and electronic materials, coatings, elastomers, adhesives, surfactants, dispersants, lubricants, additives, or sealants. Special emphasis will be on nanostructured functional materials for application related to environment, energy and catalysis.
Krzysztof (Kris) Matyjaszewski is the J.C. Warner University Professor of Natural Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University. He was born in Konstantynow, Poland, received his doctorate from the Polish Academy of Sciences in 1976, and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Florida in 1977. From 1978 to 1984, he was a research associate of the Polish Academy of Sciences. From 1984 to 1985, he held appointments at the University of Paris, first as a research associate and then as a visiting professor. In 1985, he joined Carnegie Mellon, where he founded and currently directs the Center for Macromolecular Engineering. Dr. Matyjaszewski developed atom transfer radical polymerization, commercialized in the US, Europe and in Japan (16 signed licenses).
Dr. Matyjaszewski has co-authored 800 publications (cited over 60,000 times, h-index 128), co-edited 17 books, holds 47 US and 132 international patents. He received the 2014 National Institute of Materials Science (Japan) Award, 2013 Inaugural AkzoNobel North American Science Award, 2012 Maria Sklodowska-Curie Medal, 2011 Wolf Prize in Chemistry, 2009 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award, and from the American Chemical Society, the 2011 Hermann Mark Award, 2011 Award in Applied Polymer Science, 2002 Polymer Chemistry Award, and the 1995 Creative Polymer Chemistry Award. He is a member of the USA National Academy of Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, and Russian Academy of Sciences and has received 7 honorary degrees.
Sponsored by the Department of Chemistry and ND Energy.
2014 Reilly Center Forum: Life Amongst the 'Tar Sands' Oil Pipelines
Tue Apr 1, 2014 6:00PM - 7:30PM
The 2014 Reilly Center Forum presents: Life Amongst the ‘Tar Sands’ Oil Pipelines: Impacts on Rural Communities and the Environment panel discussion.
In July 2010, pipeline 6B spilled over 800,000 US gallons of “dilbit” oil into Talmadge Creek, a tributary to the Kalamazoo River in Southwestern Michigan. This was the largest on-land oil spill to date in North America. Cleanup activities are ongoing but have failed to meet the EPA’s required completion date.
The panelists will speak about the ecological ramifications of the Kalamazoo River spill, problems encountered by local homeowners and communities along the project, the role of government environmental and regulatory agencies in pipeline oversight, and greater concerns about the health of the Great Lakes.
- Dr. Stephen Hamilton, professor of Ecosystem Ecology and Biogeochemistry at Michigan State University and the W.K. Kellogg Biological Station.
- Dr. Patricia Maurice, professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences at the University of Notre Dame, who is also a homeowner along the Line 6B replacement project.
- Dr. Jeff Insko, an English professor and coordinator of American Studies at Oakland University in Michigan, who is also a homeowner along Line 6B, director of the Line 6B Concerned Citizens’ Blog, and a member of the Board of Directors for the Pipeline Safety Trust.
- Beth Wallace, Community Outreach Regional Coordinator for the Great Lakes Regional Center of the National Wildlife Federation, and also a Pipeline Safety Trust board member.
The panel will be moderated by Gary Sieber (WNDU/WNIT).
This event is sponsored by the following departments at Notre Dame: The John J. Reilly Center, The University of Notre Dame Law School, Globes, and ND Energy -Center for Sustainable Energy at Notre Dame.